"Brilliance and audacity nourish one another,
they are the seed for each other's progeny,
yet their true essence can only be found
with wisdom – by teaching reverence!"
The FEAT Foundation promotes science and research. It is the archetypical university. Highly gifted scientists make up the international community of researchers. These scientists are nonconformists to the effect that their work is impartial and interdisciplinary! The bylaws for promotion serve the interests of the common weal. The group of cooperating universities and companies is hand-picked, as foreseen in the framework agreement. The companies involved in the project ensure project capitalization. The scientists at FEAT are the pinnacle among the best academic talents, the scientific explorations of whom are always groundbreaking, in contrast to those of conventional university graduates. Exceptionally talented scientists develop practical, marketable solutions based on their research. This way, by promoting science and research, FEAT contributes to its coexistential social acceptability. FEAT foundation selects its cooperation partners based on these criteria.
Society’s existential hardships have given rise to the need for this foundation. The greatest challenge is securing the basis of our existence: water! In addition to plastic islands the size of Europe, radiation, toxic polymers, heavy metals, feces, and sometimes even deadly pathogens pollute the H2O circulating the global organism. This gives rise to diseases, some of them new, from which no one can really be safe. Not to mention the lasting destruction of our ecosystem. The way nuclear waste has been disposed of is one of the causes that have let the primordial carrier of life, water, become a global enemy of life. One of the proclaimed goals of FEAT is to reduce the peril associated with nuclear waste using complementing nuclear reactions with free neutrons. This method transmutes durable components in the radioactive waste into more fugacious ones... (this project preview only serves to illustrate the nature of our overall research efforts).
Scientific solutions are what the scientists at FEAT strive to find by working together across all faculties. The transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary research is conducted in the spirit of the aforementioned cooperation. Its financial substructure results from the self-responsibility practiced by all those involved, beneficiaries and affected or, in other words, all of humankind! A healthy supply of water can not only curb refugee crises, but also diseases, war, climatic chaos or worse. Only responsible science can help find solutions. Among other things, an enormous amount of funding is key to gaining control over such global problems. However, these funds are of little use if they are not invested in ways that enable congenial scientists find solutions that can make an impact. How the solutions developed by the microbiochemists, nuclear physicists, geomathematicians, fossil mineralogists, hydrogeologists and biologists, bacteriologists, virologists, etc. from the »house of FEAT« are handled, is the designated responsibility of the policymakers of our virulent world.
The appendix contains a compilation of selected »ABCDE project concept papers« to exemplify the work the FEAT foundation promotes. The cooperation architecture postulates the IP-protected research context in which scientists can develop patentable achievements to the point of marketable applicability.
Atomic energy waste disposal:
The goal is to transmute long-lasting components into more non-durable ones with nuclear reactions using free neutrons to make radioactive waste less dangerous. Primarily, the project aims to break down the minor actinides neptunium (Np-237), americium (Am-241, Am-243), and curium (Cm-245), which have a long half-life and are, therefore, particularly dangerous. In practice, a particle accelerator propels protons in vacuo to make them collide with fast-flowing heated metal. As a result, neutrons are dislodged from the “target” (the termfor the matter sample exposed to the accelerator beam). It then propels these neutrons towards highly radioactive waste, transforming its atoms into less radioactive particles.
The waste products resulting from the fission in the molten salt reactor are reintroduced into the circuit immediately. This reduces the resulting amount nuclear waste at the end of the reactor's service life to only a fraction of that of its "conventional" counterpart. A refitted reactor with an external source of neutrons would even make it possible to only use nuclear waste. As an advantage, the reactor can shut down as soon as the release of neutrons ceases. For example, it would be possible to fire neutrons at Uranium-235 and, within weeks, the uranium isotope would break down to stable, non-radioactive isotopes.
The exact synthesis of the final isotopes, however, highly depends on which elements the nuclear reactor processes, the time they remained in it, and how many neutrons it fired at them! A reactor refitted to a "transmutation plant" (a "waste management reactor"), can even generate power without producing waste, rebutting the political objections that
such a process would consume an irresponsible amount of energy. While it may be true that the above-mentioned particle accelerator consumes 15% of this electricity (and the reactor itself requires another fractional amount), the larger remaining amount of energy can be fed into the grid. The intended purpose for this reactor would be, from the onset, to transform nuclear waste, not generate power.
The main problem will be how to break down the nuclear waste into its components to then "transmute" them with their respective special treatment. While it is not very difficult to remove the highly dangerous element plutonium from the waste, the minor actinides (neptunium, americium, curium) are more difficult to process, as they are only present in minuscule amounts but are the more radioactive. In France, researchers are already working under high pressure to perfect the process of segregating nuclear waste. FEAT supports the still missing knowhow.
Biological methods to purge the oceans from waste.
Our oceans have degenerated to gigantic waste dumps. Two areas the size of Europe made up of plastic bags, bottles, and all kinds of packaging! According to the Federal Environment Agency of Germany, there are about 140 million tons of waste floating about in the sea. This maritime plastic waste often is an incidental catch in the fishing nets. However, the fishermen throw this unwelcome catch back into the ocean as they would have to pay additional fees to dispose of it on land. Besides, the superficial waste is only a small part of the problem. Approx. 70% of this maritime garbage has long ceased to drift on the surface. Instead, it has sunk to deeper regions of the sea, creating large, life-destroying poisonous reservoirs. And this is where FEAT comes into play, namely by means of a new microbial-enzymatic recycling process for biologically harmless digestion or dissolution of marine plastic waste:
Plastic is usually extracted from petroleum. Sometimes this occurs through the formation of numerous oxygen bridges. Since these are quite stable, the half-life of plastic is correspondingly high. However, in order to shorten it exponentially, it is absolutely essential to split these oxygen bridges. However, this can never be achieved without the help of exceptionally strong enzymes, which are in turn, harbored by gigantic bacteria with ± 600 amino acid sequences and therefore, require enormous amounts of energy. Logically, this means an excessive demand for oxygen. If there is not enough oxygen in the immediate vicinity (as is the case in or under water), the aforementioned enzymes literally pull it out of the plastic, by bursting oxygen bridges, thus causing the collapse of the plastic outside. These are usually gram-negative and aerobic bacteria. The fact that they are gram-negative and strictly aerobic offers two additional advantages of essential importance in the case of marine plastic waste:
Gram-negative bacteria, unlike gram-positive bacteria, have only 1 very thin murein shell, underlining the harmless biodegradability of plastic.
Aerobic bacteria of the size mentioned above are able to survive for a long time in water, but they also need an enormous amount of oxygen for this, which they "bite" out of the plastic, due to lack of availability, by breaking the oxygen bridges.
All in all, this microbial-enzymatic recycling process is based on the following three key factors:
Cultivation of giant bacteria by means of super-enzymes: both are produced by targeted oxygen deprivation as well as by precisely proportioned oxygen supply, under the influence of appropriate regulatory temperature-pressure ratios.
This lock and key principle also assumes the growth of the bacteria or enzymes to be largely determined by the consistency + concentration of their amino acids, which in turn increases their aggressiveness to necessarily supply oxygen. This is all the more true in water.
Once the plastic in water has been eaten, however, the greedy bacteria inevitable dies, since it has then run out of the resource it needs to survive. The plastic waste is, thus, converted back into life-friendly molecules without causing any damage and returned to the natural cycle.
Lastly, it should be noted that plastic binds enormous amounts of oxygen in water, which provides mega-food for the plastic-eating bacteria; the more the bacteria feed, the more efficient they become.
Chemo-physical water conditioning
Problem statement: Water covers 70% of the Earth’s surface. 97% of this water is salt water, 2% is polar and glacial ice and only 1% is potable freshwater. Demographic growth, urbanization, agriculture, and industry increasingly pollute our bodies of water. In the developing world, 70% of wastewater flows into dubious wastewater systems without being treated. Every year, 10 times more people die from polluted water than in the increasing number of wars. Polluted water kills 1.5 million children per year. Defective pipelines moreover cause water shortages, for example in Uzbekistan, where rotten plumbing leaks more than half of the water. In other (usually African) countries, the state of the water supply system is so miserable that fresh water trickles out and evaporates. In Europe, power plants use 44% of the drawn water, agriculture uses 24%, 21% goes to the public water supply, and the industry consumes 11%. Securing the global water supply in a controlled way will require an investment of 200 billion US dollars.
The refugee crisis as the resulting problem: Africa has an area of 30.2 million km2, comprises 55 countries, most of which are at enmity with each other, and is stricken by droughts, war, and plagues, and is home to about 1⁄4of the world’s population. The consequence: a prolonged exodus! On June 18, 2017, German Federal Minister of Development Gerd Müller warned that up to 100 million refugees would flee from Africa to Europe. Only >5% of this reasonable forecast has already overtaxed policymakers. Should, however, the Minister’s prediction come to pass, Europe will be downright overrun by the cohorts of refugees. The European citizen, lulled into a false sense of prosperity and security, has every reason for concern! There is no financial solution to this problem. Especially considering that only 8 men! amass more money than the poorest half of the global population, which in turn holds not even 1.6 tenths of a percent of global wealth.
Solution = supply of potable water: Thales of Miletus (Θαλῆς ὁ Μιλήσιος; *624 B.C.; †547 B.C.), the Pre-Socratic natural philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician of archaic Greece put it this way: "Water is the first principle of everything, because water is everything, and to water everything returns." About 21⁄2 millenniums later, former UN Secretary-General Boutros-Ghali (1985) warned: “The next war [...] will be fought over water." While the Gulf States, for example, may be rich in oil, desalinated water has long been their main source of not only potable water but also process and cooling water for agriculture and industry. Water pipes (like oil pipelines) carry ocean water to local desalination and sterilization plants to produce chemically and physically treated drinking water. Considering the looming refugee crisis, this poses not only a technical but also a political challenge for FEAT scientists.
Disentangling the data of hypofunctional everyday technology:
Linguistic confusion: generally known as the divine sanction against progressive disinhibition in the scripturalcity of Babylon. It is irrelevant whether this communication chaos was Yahweh’s punishment for human presumptuousness or whether it is because, in times of yore, we surrendered to the loss of control and understandability of language. It is, however, a daunting parallelism to our modern vulnerability of becoming estranged from our own overflowing catalog of inventions. Our profound dependence on these inventions, which even affects the fate of our planet, makes it necessary to disentangle the data of hypofunctional everyday technology (in the following DhT).
[The remains of the »Tower of Babel« are barely discernible today. Legend has it that about two thousand years later, Alexander the Great had the imperial temple grounds demolished, reducing them to a quarry for centuries. A smelly swamped hallow is the only remainder of the tremendous Tower of Babel.]
Therefore, it was neither wars nor natural disasters that extinguished said civilized "prehistoric modernity", but the communication chaos that arose from it. This communication chaos arose from the gigantic variety of dependency-promoting inventions (similar to our modern-day situation) that has become impossible to keep track of, as the indispensable control and understandability of such was or is being neglected.
The political, financial, and industrial caprioles of the market and the chaotic overbidding of innovative ideas to solve our global problems reflect the loss of control of science and research over this mass. In this regard, FEAT will initiate the intentional harmonization of terminology. The plethora of at times outlandish, often incomprehensible terms will be re-cataloged with rational interpretation. To do so, they will condensate the properties shared by functional everyday technology as far as possible to a common denominator. This common denominator designates the function of the technology as straightforward and understandable for the end user as possible.
While companies see themselves forced to create their own terminology, FEAT will act as the harmonizing interface that will move away from expansional vocabulary to an intentional one that will streamline production, research, and innovation. From an algorithmic perspective, a mathematics-based process to transfer information with matrix-vector multiplications can attain this goal. By way of explanation: Day and night, over 3.3 billion Internet users from all around the globe clutter the server centers with a sometimes-unfiltered concoction of often absolutely spontaneous trains of thought and sentimentalities that require most precise algorithmic recording and categorization before even arriving at their intended addressees in only a fraction of a second! Meanwhile, however, the flood of information from these technologies have formed a chaotic collective of data that can only the aforementioned »algorithmic treatment plant« can disentangle and purify.
Energy-oriented automotive retrofitting:
Ever since Alexander the Great had the imperial heritage of the advanced civilization that peaked in the "Tower of Babel" destroyed and proceeded to reshuffle the cards of antique power politics, there were no faster means of land transport than the horse until the post- Napoleonic age. In 1886, the first automobile powered with a combustion engine, produced by the Carl Friedrich Benz in Mannheim, superseded the steam locomotive built by Richard Trevithick in 1804.
>130 years later, 83 million cars are being produced all around the world each year, which translates to a new car every 2.6 seconds. Over 1 billion motorized vehicles have been circulating the streets of the world since 2010. Therefore, by 2020, we would share the global streets with over 1.3 billion cars. Innumerable scandals, political pleas, and lobby-controlled idea forges overshadow this automotive obviousness, motivating the Viennese environment agency to proclaim its intention to forbid diesel and gasoline-fueled cars as of 2020 in spring of 2017. In Germany, there are legislative propositions to ban cars with combustion engines by 2030. Meanwhile, the manufacturing industry has fallen into a paralyzed state of shock. The renaissance of the 130- year old electric car is experiencing a curious popularity in public discourse (cue for climate protection).
However, studies have shown that the e-car does not solve even one environmental problem. It contributes exactly nothing to protecting our climate! Politicians fail to understand this; car manufacturers fail to make them see reason. For example, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ulrich Spicher from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology showed in a study that in the CO2-Well-to-Wheel analysis, the electric motor in Germany performs worse by a factor of 1.6 compared to any modern combustion engine. In adjacent Austria, which uses hydraulic power to a great extent, this factor was 1.3, compared to 4 to 5 in China. This analysis does not even consider the enormous quantity of energy needed to manufacture the batteries of the e-cars, with which they would barely reach a mileage of 30,000 km before being recycled. The calculation does not consider the energy needed to recycle the batteries is, and less the fact that there is no one able to properly recycle these materials. Nevertheless, the government gave out 13 billion euros worth of tax money as a subsidy for automotive magnates to promote e-cars. The solution to the problem lies in the following formula: The more power the engine has, the more economical it is! In this context, FEAT scientists have taken it on to find CO2-neutral, synthetic fuels that require as much CO2 in production as they emit.
Every child is familiar with the following law of nature: "Energy can neither be created nor destroyed!" It is also the popular knowledge that batteries (as opposed to fossil fuels) lose power the longer they remain charged - whether or not they are in use. Arguments claiming e-cars have a de facto carbon emission of zero are nothing more than an insult to our intelligence. There is no way of generating power without emitting CO2. Such dilettantism downright thrusts the challenge upon FEAT scientists to conduct and amass interdisciplinary studies, make innovative ideas available to expert groups and develop them to a marketable level together with capable universities.
Never has humankind had such manifold access to resources for scientific research. By "encapsulating" the various research units, however, they see themselves limited.
FEAT will help open the gates to counteract these limitations. Foremost, to liberate its highly gifted scientists! Furthermore: